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Learn Adobe Photoshop – All the basics

Hey what’s up guys Christian here for Chris Clark today we’re learning Photoshop all right super excited to get into this I haven’t done a tutorial just a straightforward tutorial in a while so I’m really excited for this a lot of you guys have been asking me for photoshop stuff so here it is so this is kind of like an introductory video whether you are just starting off with Photoshop or if you already have some experience in it there’s definitely a few tips in here that you might find useful so let’s jump right in and let’s get started alright guys so here we are in Photoshop and if you launch your application this is what you’ll see not these specific things because these are my projects and things that I’ve been editing on Photoshop so you will eventually have your most recent work once you have a few projects going but this is pretty much where you find your your most recent so other than that you can open them directly through here so you can browse through your finder or if you’re using Windows folders I guess and then you can create a new one so that’s what we’re gonna do because we’re just starting off and by the way guys if this looks different from what you have it’s probably because you have a different version this is Adobe Photoshop CC 2017 everything else should be the same especially for the basics we’re not going to get into any of the additional features with that it so it should be fairly similar for everyone across the board so let’s get started let’s create a new project and here we’re going to just kind of select what kind of document we want to create so we have a few presets here and I can just go for the regular you know 1920 by 1080 but you can also put whatever value in here just whatever suits what kind of project you’re doing we’re just starting off so anything will do and also this is your you know measurement so pixels is usually what most screens and video files and everything are measured in but if you’re into photography and you need these other options these are here for you as well this is where you can name your project you can name it whatever you want you also have some preset detail that you can load up and save and once you’re happy with all this you can just hit create and it’ll create a new blank document for you now I have these guides turned on but you can turn them on and off here where is it clear guides okay so if this is your first time opening Photoshop and looking at this interface or if you’ve never really touched it before it can seem a little bit intimidating but it’s really really simple and there’s just a few basic mechanisms here that once you learn those you’ll be set for everything else and everything else kind of build upon that so it’s a lot easier than you think don’t let this kind of discourage you so let’s actually start by breaking down a little bit of what we have in front of us so we have our toolbar here this is where you’re going to pretty much selecting grab your tools and use them for whatever you do in here this is obviously where you can posit your pictures together where you do whatever Photoshop work you want to do we’ll get into a few different things and there’s other tutorials on this channel as well if you want to get into more advanced photography Photoshop stuff or other post and filmmaking latest things so most of the tools that you’re using in photo we’re all going to be here and we’re going to go through all of these individually in just a second and then over here we have a few options for whatever tool you have selected so that is usually what this top bar is for as well as a few other options that pop up whenever we are moving things around and once we get into that sort of stuff you’ll see some awesome new options come up here and then here you have your you know your usual file edit I don’t need to go over these you can kind of see what they do there’s a few things that we’ll go over later on such as you know throwing in these adjustments you have a lot of adjustments here that you can do and some filters so there’s a few filters that you can apply to things and we’re going to get into all this in just a second and I know I’ve said that already three times so but we’re almost done so over here we have just colors right now this might be different from yours and also all of this could be very different from what you’re seeing depending on what kind of workspace you have so to change your workspace you can go under window and under workspace you can select whichever workspace you want now most of you if you’re just starting off with Photoshop you’re going to have the default essentials which is what I have selected so you should be fine but just in case you’re seeing anything different then you can just go under window workspace and select essentials so that’s what we’re gonna be using today so over here you’re going to have some information depending on what you’re doing and then you have some adjustments that are pretty much these quick buttons they’re almost like shortcuts of different adjustments that you can throw in this section over here and this section is where you have all your layers so everything that you are doing adding and creating and adjusting in Photoshop will show up here so this is in a way kind of like your timeline if you’re used to editing or it could be different layers like what you have in After Effects so this is all very similar to that and I love by the way how compatible these programs are so if you’re into the effects and you’re jumping into Photoshop for that kind of work or anything else where you need to go in and out of Premiere Pro or After Effects I really love how compatible the whole suite is so definitely a big plus for using Adobe products ok so we have a general understanding of where everything is and it’s going to get a lot easier once we get into things and once we start using tools then you really start seeing how this workspace comes into play and obviously in the middle here you have your canvas I can just zoom in and now I’m using my trackpad I’m just pinching my fingers in now this should be the same on most laptops if not you can scroll your wheel or you can select the the zoom magnifying tool over here and you can zoom in and out let’s let’s jump right into all these tools and by the way this is our work area essentially this is our canvas this is where we are going to see everything that we’re going to be doing and if you’re not happy with the size you can always go under image I’m going to say edit but it’s image canvas size and in here you can select pixels since that’s what we’re what we’re using as unit of measurement you can see that this is the the numbers that we put in earlier but we can change these at any time and we can change the size of our canvas another way to do it is by cropping it in so you can use the crop tool here and I know and we’re going to we’re not going to go in order here but it’s okay we we live on the edge and here you can freely move this around and change the size of your of your canvas and you can crop in and out or you can even select a certain ratio maybe you want to do a one by one square picture for Instagram well then you have this kind of preset we can crop in wherever you want and then you know you can just clear this out and and you can move this freely around again so if you want to play these changes to this crop you can select this checkbox icon over here and that will apply this cloth or if not you can just kind of have this undo button here and if I click that it’ll bring me back to what I had so you can see how this side of Photoshop is going to change a lot depending on what tool you’re using so right before we can dive deeper into this toolbar we should probably import something so that we can play around and you can really see the full effect that these guys over here so there’s a few ways of importing things into Photoshop so my way of doing it just because it’s quick and easy is just going under finder opening up whatever folder you’re looking for and then just dragging and dropping whatever element you want to import so we’ve imported this lamp and this is just a previous picture that I cut out in Photoshop and that I already saved and is before the website I just launched I just made a few web elements in Photoshop like this one and if you guys want to check it out by the way it’s Chris Cort calm just a quick little website plug there but there’s a lot of free tools on there so maybe you guys will find something useful so now we have this thing moving around in our canvas here and you can see the same two options are appear when you import things you can actually move them around scale them and make changes to them so right now I can scale it down and I can you know warp it around like this as I hit command Z that will undo that and now if I hit shift and scale it down now it’s going to scale it down proportionately so we’ve scaled this down and you can see that as I move this there’s these kind of lock guides and you can able them or disable them but personally I find them really useful because I know when my item is centered and that’s that’s pretty nice then once I’m up here you can see that my cursor is changing to these curved arrows and that is because I can rotate this image once I’m outside of the box so inside I move around outside I I can just freely rotate it and if we right-click on this element we have a few additional options so we can scale and rotate like we’ve been doing we can also skew it and use a really cool because now if you go on the line you can skew it like this a command Z to bring it back and then I can skew it on this side so all of these sides are skewing I guess now you would say then you have perspective and if you drag the points in you can see that it’s almost like yeah like laying it flat and then depending on which direction you go in you can modify it that way so I’m going to do that as well and then you have a few other options you can distort it you can warp it and these are fun to play with you know you can even have this sort of grid so you can really distort the image and these are really fun and they’re really great and useful when you’re placing things or one of your compositing things so this is definitely good to know all right so let’s say we are happy with our changes we can always undo them but if we’re happy with them we can hit this and now we’ve applied the changes to our image so now you can see here on my layer panel that we have a new layer so this layer is the lamp so we have the lamp layer and we have the background layer now I want you to notice something when I turn off this background layer we have this checkered pattern and what this checkered pattern is in Photoshop and in most other software is a way of telling you that this is transparent so we have a fully transparent background so if we were to render this with transparency so maybe as a PNG image we would only see the lamp and nothing else because we have turned off our background and we can’t do much else with this because it’s locked right now so this is just by default backgrounds in Photoshop when you’re starting off are going to be locked as a layer but you can always unlock them so doesn’t kind of useless but then you can just select them or delete them we don’t really care we don’t really need a background we do what we want so now we do have something here in our workspace let’s just keep experimenting with these so the very first one is our move tool or a selection tool on the shortcut for that is V so you can switch to that and just really move things around just by selecting them and once you have a lot of stuff you might need to select them from your your layer panel here and then that’s how you’ll be able to kind of move things around when things get really cluttered and you have a lot of layers overlapping each other but for now we’re keeping it simple with our lamp here all right so next up we have this this thing it’s a rectangular what is it’s called rectangular marquee tool and the shortcut for that is and I really actually don’t know the names for these I just use what I need but essentially what this does is you know you can select this and this has made a selection and now you can’t move what’s in it you can only move the selection you might think that that’s useless but hit command J on your keyboard and if you do that boom look what happens nothing nothing seems to have happened but actually we created a new layer and now if I turn off this bottom layer which is our lamp we’re only going to see our newly created layer and what this is is just a section that we copied from our lamp image here so when we made that selection we pretty much told it I want to make a copy of just what’s in here so that’s what this selection tool is and you can do a lot of other things with it one thing that we’ll get into with selection that’s really useful is layer masks and in a way it’s almost like like an alpha mat that you would have in After Effects or any things like that I don’t know if fun if these references are helping you or if you don’t use After Effects and I’m not making any sense but we’re get into that we’ll jump in in that in just a second but let’s move along to the next tool for now and this is the lasso tool and one thing that I want to point out is we’re going down this list for the rest of these is that you can actually click and stay clicked on them or yeah hold your click and and then from there it’ll open up like a submenu here and you can swap this tool for something else like this this our artboard tool which I’ve never used but you can do that for all of these so you can see how you have an people Alec elliptic elliptical selection tool here and a few other options for that and they’re all kind of in the same category so you have your lasso tool which is what we’re going to look at now but you also have a polygonal lasso tool and a magnetic lasso tool so we’re going to see the difference in these right now let’s just zoom into our image here and this is still going to make a selection so the way I do it is I’m going to click and drag and you can see that I can freely just draw whatever selection I want and once I let go we’ve made that selection so everything that we saw with this rectangular guy here applies to this type of selection so we can make a copy of just this of whatever is in this area or we can do a few other things now one of these other things that we can do is once we get into brushes which I guess we might as well get into that now because I’ve been postponing way too many things so if we were to select the brush we can click on the brush right here and don’t worry I haven’t forgot about these we’ll get back to them we can select the brush here or you can hit B on your keyboard and that will bring up the brush although right now we’re seeing this icon and it’s telling us that we can’t do anything but that’s not how this works we tell Photoshop what we want to do so what we’re going to do is we’re going to click on this and it’s going to say again Oh blah blah blah whatever this says and you’re just going to click OK because you don’t need to worry about that for now just know that if you want something you get it done okay so I’m going to turn this this guy off for now so we have the selection made on our lamp layer and we have our brush tool selected so if I draw here nothing’s going to happen and that is because when you have a selection made and when you have a brush you can only draw in within that selection now I can invert that selection so if I hit command Z real quick I can hit shift command I and that’s shift control I if you’re on a Windows and that will invert your selection so now if I can draw out here I can do it but it’s excluding the other selection so I can just go over it and it’s not going to affect this area so that’s really cool for a lot of different reasons you can do a lot of different tricks with just that but another thing that we can do with selections in general is something I already mentioned which is adding a layer mask now the way you do this with any layer selected is you go down here these icons are and we’re going to go in-depth into all of these but for now we’re just going to click on this one and this is what creates a layer mask for whatever layer you have selected so if I click on that it’s going to do this to us now why did it cut a hole in our lamp well that is because whenever we have a selection it’s going to apply it to that layer mask so it’s going to pretty much cut a hole based on what you have selected so the way that it’s cutting a hole isn’t just by cutting it now you can see that for this layer in my layer panel we have two thumbnails kind of next to each other so we have these to this new element that we added by creating a layer mask and this is our layer mask so essentially what a layer mask is and how it works it pretty much tells where your image is transparent or not and the way it tells that to this image is with black and white values so black is transparent and white is fully opaque so I know that sounds a little convoluted but let me show you what I mean so if I have this layer mask selected and I have my brush selected you can see that my brush is now black or white and if it isn’t you can always click on these colors and you can you know just make sure that it’s black or Y or whatever color you want this is applies to all the brushes and now if I go over this and I start painting in you can see that I can paint transparency in but I’m not erasing anything I’m just painting the layer mask black so that’s really cool I use layer masks all the time because it’s very non-destructive and what I mean by that is like I don’t want to just permanently delete things and then not be able to go back to that step instead of I’m compositing things in and let’s say I just went too far here I can invert the colors by hitting X by the way another shortcut if you hit X on your keyboard that will invert these two colors here so you have like a primary and a secondary color you can toggle back and forth kind of like your primary gun or secondary gun in the game and you always have them here you can toggle between the two of them with X so that’s good time-saver but ok so now that we’re on Y if I go back and I start painting things over my image or my layer mask I should say now you can see that we’re introducing the lamp back in so white adds and black deletes keep that in mind and of course you can always invert these colors and inverting just a quick shortcut is command I or control I so if we have our layer mask selected and then hit that so I am during the colors now you can see that I am I’ve essentially inverted the selection and that is because we’ve inverted this from a white background to a black spot that was deleting things to a black background and a white spot that is keeping things in hopefully that all made sense and hopefully I didn’t lose you but essentially that’s that’s how layer masks work it’s really simple it’s just two ways of doing it black or white and of course you can use grey and get fancy and that will show some of it through but not entirely depending on how dark the gray is but another way of achieving grey in a way is to lower the opacity of your brush so see how this changes for every tool now that we have our brush selected you can see that we have a few different additional properties for our brush so I can lower my opacity here and if I set it to like 39 or whatever you can see that I’m adding a lot less information back into our image now if I click on it again it’s adding another 39 percent of it and if I click on it again it’s pretty much introducing the full opacity of the layer we’re going to say opacity but that makes no sense let’s keep going down this list we have other ways of selecting things we have the polygonal lasso lasso tool these are really hard words but essentially you click on a point takes you and then you you don’t have to keep clicking you can just go somewhere else click on the point click on another point you get the idea it’s now making a different kind of shape and then you can go near where you started like really close to where you started and I don’t know if you can see it because the image is really dark but there is a o or a zero or a loop that is close or a full circle that appears around the icon of my cursor and that is telling you that you can now close that selection so once you click that it makes a selection for you and same deal as these other guys so we know what to do from here all right let’s take a look at magnetic lasso tool now this will stick on things based on contrast essentially that’s how this tool works so it’s an easy way to quickly let’s say going in here and I want to just select this part I’m really doing a bad job at and so is Photoshop but you can see that I kind of tried to follow along the lines here and it kind of lost it a little bit here but what it’s doing is it’s creating a really quick in easy selection based on things that are around it so you can see how it’s kind of snapping to lines and things that have a lot of contrast sometimes it’s magic sometimes it doesn’t understand what it’s doing but that tool is there for you and that’s another way you can make selections so that is it for this list now we have other ways of selecting things and this is the magic wand tool and the shortcut for that is w what this does it selects similar colors in your image and it makes a selection based on that so I could use that for some of this wood here this isn’t the ideal image where you would be doing this because there’s a lot of different colors here this is a nice way if you have like a solid wall that you want to select or something that has similar color this is a great tool to do that in a quick and easy way and here you have other selections as well quick selection tools so you have a lot of ways of selecting things we get it so let’s move on we have the crop tool which we already talked about we have the eyedropper tool which essentially you can just use it to take a color and now we have selected that color from the image then over here you have a few things that are used for more photography than anything else so we won’t really touch upon those but the Spot Healing Brush tool and the Healing Brush tool are really simple to use and they can take away pimples and like little small skin imperfections so it’s really used a lot by photographers and there’s a few other things here that are really simple to use and I could really help some pictures or some people out all right so we have some brushes and we already talked about that then we have the clone stamp tool now this is a huge one in Photoshop so first of all before you jump into the clone stamp tool which I now have selected I’m going to get rid of this selection and the way you do this nice and quickly in Photoshop is by hitting command D or control D on your keyboard and that will get rid of any kind of selection that you’ve made so now we have the clone stamp tool and this kind of looks like a brush and that is because it behaves like a brush for the most part now one thing that I skipped with brushes and then I’ll get into here because it’ll be pretty much the same thing is the size of the brush the way you change this is by right-clicking wherever in your in your canvas and when you right-click it’ll bring up these options so this is the same as with your regular brush so you’re going to have the same window up here if you right-click here you can change the size now you can see that if I move it back onto the image you can see the size of it now I can change it again you can see that it’s much smaller or make it bigger so that’s how you do that and then over here you see the hardness and hardness is almost like feathering and after effects okay I need to stop doing After Effects references but it kind of softened things out i soften the edges so if i have a let’s let’s get a brush real quick so I can show you this so if I have a soft brush and let’s bring our path City all the way up so you can see what I’m talking about so if I click here we have a very soft spot now if I right click and I bring these options again and I increase the hardness now if I click back out here it does a pretty solid circle so that is what this thing is doing it’s pretty much how much is a blurring out or feathering out the edges of your brush and then of course you can select other brushes here you can import multiple brushes you can go crazy with brushes but there’s a lot of different options and different ways that you can you know maybe brush some things in so that is really cool I love brushes and they can do wonders when you’re compositing things together and now they’re great but that’s not what we’re talking about let’s go back to the clone stamp tool so let’s turn this off for now and let’s just turn on the layer that we copied for no reason other than just to show that we can change different layers depending on which ones you have selected so in here we’re gonna explore the clone stamp tool so what this does is essentially it looks like a brush because it behaves like a brush it paints things in but it’s painting things not based on color but based on what area you have selected here so to select an area to kind of paint in or copy I can hit all on my keyboard and you can see that my cursor now changed to this kind of target cursor and that is because now I can select a certain area or a certain part of my image and once I do that I can paint that area anywhere I want so you can see that now the brush actually shows the area that you’ve selected so if I were to click on here you can see that I’m painting the the image back in is really really useful you can use it to paint people out of pictures if you’ve seen this and other tutorials on YouTube for Photoshop it’s a really popular one and that is what this tool does so it’s really useful you can use it for a lot of things I use this all the time in matte paintings so it’s definitely good to know and I mean photography – there’s a lot of uses for the clone stamp tool next we have the history brush tool which kind of brings undo stings undoes things based on what you have selecting when you’re painting but I really don’t use this very often then you have the eraser tool which erases things and this behaves just like a brush so you can again right click and you can change the size and the hardness and you can just erase whatever you want your image I don’t usually do this too often just because I use layer masks whenever I want to delete or you know change things that way because it’s like I said before it’s non-destructive versus this way you need to undo things rather than being able to just paint things back in so that’s why I rarely use the erase tool but you know it’s quick and easy it’s there if you need it next we have the paint bucket tool wherever you click it paints that entire layer or the empty part of that layer of a solid color and you can change whatever color you want here and you can do that so it fills things in based on similar colors so if it’s a fully transparent area it’ll fill that area or it’ll kind of act like the the magic wand tool that we that we looked at earlier and it also has a gradient tool which is really useful you can kind of create these quick and easy gradients with this and this can be really useful even in layer masks and you can toggle back and forth to these like we did before and all the other ones then we have a let’s go back to an image here let me turn this off bring our lamp back in then we have some other tools that I don’t really use much but this is a blur tool and right now I have my other layer selected so I need to make sure that I’m selecting the lamp that I want to change now this blur tool let me just zoom in to really show you what it does it surprise surprise blurs things out what yeah so right now I have the strength sets of really low so this is how strong it will blur things out or how much it’ll blow them out so I’m going to increase this all the way to a hundred percent and now you can see that I’m really really blurring things out so over here you can click on this and you can also sharpen things up so this behaves just like a brush like we’ve seen with all these other options so just like how I was blurring things I can sharpen things back up so you can see that on it’s obviously not going to make them go back to normal and it will start to create some distortion if you sharpen things a little bit too much you know that noise is really going to stand out and now you have let’s see what else is in here a smudge tool this kind of is like the liquify tool so you can smudge things around could come in handy these are nice and easy and quick to use if anything so I like that they’re here then you have a Dodge tool and let’s bring the size of this down well the Dodge tool will just brighten things up let me just pull this up so you can see that it’s just brightening whatever area I want so you can do some cool light effects with this and if you’re compositing things together this could be definitely a cool way to add a little bit of integration in into your scene like so like if I were to drop this desk on a table and there’s a window that’s emitting light from this way then I can you know it’s a nice little detail that you can add with this tool over here same thing you can burn things you can darken things it’s called the burn tool so you can create some shadows you can darken parts of an image you can do whatever you want and if I’m going over the same area while I’m still clicking it that’s just something that is true with all brushes it’s it’s going to pretty much keep the same intensity but now if I let go and I click again it’ll make that same area darker so that’s why I keep that in mind when you’re using these tools the more that you click the the more you will affect that area so right now especially we have our exposure set to 50% so we can even go 100% and again this is kind of like the strength of how much is dark hang things but you can see that if I go over that same spot it’ll darken things a lot more so the more you pass over certain spots after letting go of your click the more it’ll you know it’ll show up with whatever you’re doing if you’re darkening things or if you’re using a brush with like a lower opacity same kind of deal so like you can see that it’s go over again I’m adding another layer of opacity and so on so that’s a kind of an overview on these tools then you have the pen tool which is another selection tool and this is similar to After Effects and know this is not just a reference this is literally like they have the pen tool and after-effects and I’ve used it a lot I actually used After Effects before jumping into Photoshop so for selections I’ll use this a lot of times so you can click then click again and you can also hold and click so you can make some curves out of these lines or you can make just some some straight lines just by clicking you know so you can click and drag again you have these knobs that you can move around and you can make some interesting shapes and you can cut around certain things that would be otherwise difficult with these more freehand tools so you can go back to the initial point and you’ll see that same circle appear and once you click on that it hasn’t made a selection yet it’s closed it’s a sort of path of this of this pencil to make a selection you have to go up here where it says make selection and once you click on that it’ll tell you how much you want to feather the selection that you’re going to make and feathering again it’s like blurring out the edges so I put it for point 6 pixels it’s barely noticeable but it still blends things in a little bit so it works for most selections that I make but if you want things to be really blurry you can go up to 2 pixels 3 pixels and up from there really experiments see what that does so we’ll hit OK and now we have a selection so this acts like any other selection tool that we’ve looked at before so from this point on it should be all the same I’m going to delete that selection by hitting command D or ctrl D that gets rid of that next we have the title tool now once I click on here you can see that it creates its own layer and this will be our title layer so I can say hello and you know I can select my move tool and I can move this hello around and we can see that it’s its own layer so I can again I can select this lamp so we can move this lamp around that we’ve kind of damaged and we can move the title around we can also place the text below the lamp and now we can see that the hello goes underneath the lamp the way that this works is because this is a low mode that my computer is about to die hold on next we have the path selection tool but we’re not going to be using that for much so we’re going to skip that for now and then we can create some basic shapes so we can create a square and now that created a new layer called rectangle for us and I can always notice that up here our options are changing so we can change the color the fill of this of this rectangle or we can give it a little bit of a border like a nice little stroke and we can say how thick we want the outline to be and then from there we can create different shapes so we have a few presets over here rounded rectangle tool and Eclipse the polygon tool a line tool and you can create a custom shape tool so right now there is an arrow selected and you can change the shape of this right over here and the cool thing is you can import your own images here so you can create some custom shapes and you know just drag and drop them like this so then we have the plan around tool and this is kind of what I use to navigate whenever I’m zoomed in now if I hit V on my keyboard and go back to the selection tool if I want to just pan around since I’m maybe moving some things around and I don’t wanna just go back and forth you just hit spacebar and that will change this icon to the hand so now you know you’re kind of panning around and while you have the spacebar press down you can kind of navigate the same way so the nice thing is that once you release that you’re back to the selection tool and you can go and do whatever it is that you were doing so that’s nice and easy there’s a lot of really useful shortcuts and I’ve mentioned a few already throughout this video but i definitely recommend learning them as you go because they definitely speed up your workflow quite a bit now there’s a few things worth mentioning on this side over here you can see that we can we have a bunch of layers now because we made all of these custom layers but I am tired of looking at this lamp so I’m just going to import something a little bit more exciting so we can play around and take a look at layers and how they work just pop up finder over here so I’m gonna select an image and I’m going to drag and drop it not on here but I’m going to drop it over here right next to our project in this area over here and this is going to create a new project with the same dimension as that image and we’re seeing that image so we can always go back and forth between different projects or we can close projects if we’re done with them we can save them not save them I’m not going to save this but yeah if your Photoshop or if your computer starting to run a little bit slow and you have too many projects open you might want to close a few down and the same goes with any apps or anything like that so we have our image import here and this will help us kind of see what these adjustments are going to do a little bit more clearly than just a lamp this is my friend by the way Maria Garcia she’s a really talented model so you should check out her Instagram it’s really really good so let’s start throwing in some adjustments and see what we can do so I’m going to start with some of these on the bottom here so we don’t with this icon does this is the layer mask so just just a little reminder we won’t be needing that for now instead we’re going to go right next to that and we’re going to click on this half white half black circle and over here we have a bunch of different options and these are things that you can you can add you can add solid colors gradients and you can add a few different adjustments and effects as well so let’s start with a solid color so you click on that it fills the entire canvas of a certain color you can pick whatever color you want and you can click OK right now I just randomly pick a color but let’s say we wanted to give it a give our image a nice vintage tinge well with a solid color like this if I were to set this to overlay and by the way I didn’t mention this but in your layer panel here with all of these layers you have blending modes go away you have blending modes and this is a way to blend the layers with each other so right now it’s on normal but if I go on screen you can see that it’s kind of blending itself with the image below it and I’m not sure how to really describe each and every one of these but you can kind of see what they do and the main ones that I use our overlay screen or add that definitely makes the whole thing a little bit brighter so they just blend together in different ways depending on which blending option you pick so I’m going to go with overlay for now and right now it’s obviously way too much it’s completely destroying the image but if I go on the opacity for the layer so again we have the blending options and we have the opacity for each layer that we can select so if I select the color I can lower the opacity of it and we can make that change much less drastic so if we go to like maybe like I don’t know 12 10 yeah and if we switch back and forth it’s not a huge difference but you can see that we’re blending in the colors a lot more together and we’re giving it just a more of a unique and uniform feel so I mean this is getting kind of specific and you can definitely play around with this in many other ways so let’s let’s move on the list you can create gradients and that’s really good and maybe if you have a landscape you can create some nice gradient effects for the sky and things like that but I’m just going to move through these really we because it’s just fun to experiment with on your own so brightness and contrast these are adjustments and they get created as their own sort of layer and this will affect anything that is below it so right now if I increase the brightness over here you can see that it’s affecting everything if I increase the contrast or if I decrease it you can see what’s happening there so pretty straightforward and again I want you to notice that with all of these layers that we’re adding you have a layer mask so if we were to let’s say go back to the effect if we were to brighten this up a lot but we don’t want to see maybe the stuff in the closet here I can select the layer mask of that adjustment layer and then with my brush selected with black you can see that I can I can darken that up because I’m actually subtracting this area from this adjustment by using the layer mask so that’s that’s where layer masks come in really really handy and I really love using them so there we go we can just do that little quick adjustment this looks pretty bad so we’re going to just select it and delete it and we’re going to add something else so levels and curves an exposure these are all just different types of adjustments of two different things with levels you have more control over your shadows and your mids and you can kind of control it that way curves let’s just add these in real quick curves with RGB selected you can do something similar so you can control the mid-tones and the shadows in terms of luminance but then you can also go we just make this a little bit bigger then you can also go in the individual adjustments of of each color so the red has its own curve and you can play around with the red curve like so you can go on the green you can we take out a little bit of green and make it more violet ish or purplish I don’t know you can have fun with this but that’s essentially curved so you can make some color adjustments really quickly in a nice visual way I really like curves and I use this all the time so moving on we have exposure that changes your exposure that changes the the exposure of your scene so pretty pretty self-explanatory then we have vibrance hue and saturation we we just have a lot of options that you can go through you can click them you’re adding them the same way you can increase saturation decrease the saturation something cool about this adjusts that you can go under the individual colors just like in curves you can control the hue of just the Reds or the saturation of just the Reds so definitely really cool there’s a lot there to explore definitely go through the rest of this list everything else works pretty much the same way you can add them and and just experience with the sliders so very very simple stuff there now I’m going to bring in just another random image these are all images from Instagram by the way so if you want to follow me on Instagram definitely do so at crisco art I try to post there as much as I can and I’m posting stories daily so if you want to see what I’m up to definitely do that and I’ll be in Italy for this time around depending on when you’re watching this video and I’m just going to make some room here and by the way you can notice how all of these workspaces you can just resize them so we have this image and we’re going to drag it and place it right above our other image so we can see that we’re getting all of those same adjustments now onto both images so you can see that just from that movement alone you can see that there is sort of a layer hierarchy so the the more they’re up towards the top the the more it’s going to ignore whatever else is below it so if I move this just below the curves now it’s only going to be affected by the curves and this image is also being affected by my curves because it’s underneath to move it again wait move it again there we go and it’s being affected by the levels adjustment and now if I move below the solid now it’s also getting that overall brownish reddish tinge so that’s kind of the hierarchy of layers and layer panel and how they work definitely keep that in mind and it can get tricky when you have a lot of layers but let’s say you want to apply these effects only to this image and maybe you don’t want to move this image above them because then it’ll it’ll block everything else out so how do I apply these effects only to let’s say just this image alone so I’m going to show you a little trick if you hold alt on your on your keyboard and you hover right in between the layers you can see that the handle kind of changes slightly whenever you’re in between each layer so let’s let’s try to do it with this color so I’m going to I’m going to click right there so when you do that you’re telling Photoshop that you want to contain this layer in this image so I’ll show you exactly what I mean I’ll do it for these ones as well so you can kind of see what that is doing so you’ve assigned essentially these to adjustments and this color only to this image so now it’s kind of bypassing the hierarchy and it’s containing all of these elements all these layers within this element and you do that by holding alt and you go in between the layers so you can undo it by doing the same things for your you see how the cursor is slightly different has like a line through it if I go up here that will just undo that sort of selection a few things that we didn’t really go over are are the filter galleries here and a few other things but really it’s just it’s very simple and it works kind of the same way except that it doesn’t create a layer so if we want to apply these filters we want to select an image and then we can go filter maybe we can like add an unsharp mask and we can sharpen this image and if I click OK that filter is being applied to that layer so we’re not going to create another adjustment layer it’s just going to be applied to that layer but for right now I wouldn’t worry about it too much just know that there’s filters here that you can apply directly to layers and you can definitely you know go through each little section category and experiment with them all right guys I hope you enjoyed the start in Photoshop hopefully they didn’t bore you too much I know there’s a lot of tedious stuff that we needed to cover but hopefully you enjoyed it hopefully you learned something from it and if this is your first time on this channel I don’t usually make Photoshop videos I do more filmmaking and visual effects but if you guys want to see more photoshop definitely let me know because I really love it I’m but using it a lot lately even for VFX

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